Aging is a natural process. However, several approaches are being used to mitigate the effects of aging. One of the techniques is anti-aging hormone therapy. This therapy is used to slow down the normal process of aging. It works by increasing the levels of certain hormones that are produced naturally in the body. The hormones are responsible for regulating metabolic processes and maintaining a youthful appearance. Hormones are chemical substances that control various functions in a living organism. They have specific roles in the body, and each hormone has its role in each organ system. Hormones are produced by the endocrine glands such as the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovaries, testes, and thyroid gland.
The Role of Hormones in Anti-aging Therapy
In anti-aging hormone therapy, the goal is to increase the levels of these hormones and thus slow down the natural effects of aging. There are two types of hormones that are used in anti-aging hormone therapy, and these are:
- Testosterone hormone replacement therapy
- Human growth hormone replacement therapy
Growth hormone deficiency is linked with changes in lipid metabolism, bone density, skin elasticity, muscle strength, and the cardiovascular system. This can lead to loss of muscle mass and strength, osteoporosis, low bone density and decreased bone mineral density (BMD), increased risk of fractures, frailty, decreased immune function, and increased risk of infection. Human growth hormone replacement therapy in anti-aging hormone therapy may be used to treat some effects of aging. Treatment with growth hormone can increase muscle mass, strength, and bone density in older people. Growth hormone treatment may also help reduce the risk of falls in the elderly and slow the loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with age.
Similarly, testosterone plays a crucial role in maintaining bone mineral density and, therefore, protecting against osteoporosis. Testosterone deficiency can lead to osteopenia, osteoporosis, and an increased risk of fractures in older men. Thus, hormone replacement therapy with testosterone can be a valuable treatment for the aging male population, particularly those with hypogonadism. The use of hormones to treat aging has been studied for many years. Some athletes and bodybuilders use HGH to increase muscle mass, strength, and bone density. Testosterone is also used in anti-aging hormone therapy to treat muscle loss in older men. In addition, testosterone and HGH are used as part of hormone replacement therapy by older men and women with low levels of these hormones due to other medical conditions.
How Anti-Aging Hormone Therapy is Administered
Currently, there are two techniques to administer anti-aging hormone therapy. These are injectable and topical administration.
Injectable Testosterone Therapy
It is administered by injection into the muscle. It is typically used to treat hypogonadism (a condition in which the body does not produce sufficient testosterone levels). Testosterone therapy also treats cancers such as testicular, prostate, breast, or uterine fibroids. However, because testosterone is converted to estrogen by the liver and kidneys after being introduced into the body through injection or gel capsules, men with liver disease or kidney disease should not use this treatment. Additionally, women should not use this treatment because they may develop feminizing side effects such as acne and changes in their menstrual cycle if exposed to high levels of estrogenic hormones while using this medication.
Topical Testosterone Therapy
It uses gels applied topically on the skin. This form of therapy allows for increased absorption of testosterone into the body without potential side effects that occur when testosterone is injected directly into the muscle. Topical testosterone treatments can be used for males and females with low levels of testosterone due to medical conditions such as HIV infection or chemotherapy treatment for cancer.
Side Effects of Anti-Aging Hormone Therapy using Testosterone
Side effects from these treatments include:
- Changes in hair color (alopecia)
- Voice deepening
- Increased risk of prostate cancer
- Increased risk of heart attack, stroke or blood clots
- High blood pressure
While there are many side effects associated with anti-aging hormone therapy, it may be possible to minimize them if a proper diagnosis is made before beginning treatment. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination by a physician trained in geriatrics care, testing should be performed that includes measurement of the levels of testosterone or HGH as well as other hormone levels such as thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). An endocrinologist should interpret the results. Call us at 205-352-9141.